Melasma is a common skin problem that affects women who are between 25 to 50 years of age. Although this condition can happen to anyone, it is uncommon in men. Melasma is characterized by areas of discoloration of the upper lip, chin, forehead and upper cheeks.
The discolored spots can range in color, from patchy brown, to blue-gray, to tan. There are several factors that contribute to the onset of Melasma. People who get a lot of sun exposure can suffer from Melasma. Another common cause of Melasma is pregnancy, as the fluctuating hormones trigger the release of pigment in the skin. Birth control pills can also cause Melasma.
People who have darker skin tones, like olive or tan skin, have higher chances of getting this disease, and so do people who have Hispanic, Asian or Middle Eastern backgrounds.
To diagnose the condition, our plastic surgeons will look at the skin and visually examine it. If necessary, a black light or wood light is used to help facilitate the diagnosing process. In some cases, a skin biopsy will be performed.
Once the Melasma is diagnosed, the doctor will list treatment options, from over-the-counter bleaching creams to highly potent prescription bleaching agents. It is important to apply the creams twice a day, as it will speed the recovery time.
Another crucial aspect of Melasma treatment is sunscreen. Because the sun contributes to the patches, sufferers of Melasma must apply sunscreen with a moderate SPF on a daily basis, even if the sun isn’t out or if they don’t plan to spend time outdoors.
It is very tricky to determine a specific recovery time for this condition. In some cases, the Melasma disappears on its own without treatment. In other cases, treatment is required to make it go away. The Melasma can go away very quickly or slowly; it really depends on each individual.
You can speed the recovery process by avoiding the sun and wearing sunscreen regularly, as well as any other additional instructions.
Our office in Plano, TX proudly serves the Dallas surrounding areas. It is fully equipped with the latest equipment, and we devote ourselves to treating each patient with care. To arrange treatment for Melasma, come to our plastic surgery clinic so you can get tested for it. Once you are diagnosed, the skilled doctors at the American Institute for Plastic Surgery will decide the course of treatment. Call the American Institute for Plastic Surgery to make your first appointment today!